History of Production Design

The term “production designer” was coined by William Cameron Menzies while he was working on the film Gone with the Wind.[1] Previously (and often subsequently) the people with the same responsibilities were called “art directors.

http://www.davidbordwell.net/essays/menzies.php

http://www.nytimes.com/1984/09/09/arts/just-what-production-designers-do.html?pagewanted=all

THE HISTORY OF PRODUCTION DESIGN AND ART DIRECTION

William Cameron Menzies: An In-Depth Look at the First Production Designer

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PRODUCTION DESIGN AND ART DIRECTION?

Production Design vs. Art Direction